Milk is a permitted ingredient in dark chocolate, but it is also one of eight major food allergens (substances that can cause reactions that are sometimes dangerous).
Chocolates are one of the most common sources of undeclared milk associated with allergic reactions.
Milk can get into a dark chocolate product even when it is not intentionally added as an ingredient, because most dark chocolate is produced on equipment that is also used to produce milk chocolate.
Milk may either be included in the ingredient list or in a statement such as “Contains milk.”
To help ensure this, the Food Allergen Labelling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) was passed in the U.S. in 2004.
Allergen statements such as “May contain milk,” or “Manufactured on equipment that processes products containing milk,” suggest there may be milk present.
The manufacturer’s, packer or distributer’s name, address and a contact telephone number must be on the packaging.
- Unlike drugs, supplements or conventional foods are not intended to treat, diagnose, prevent, or cure diseases.
- The Nutrition Facts label is required on most packaged conventional foods and beverages.
- Allergen Statement is required.